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24 July 2019 : Clinical Research  

Evaluation of Early Gadolinium Enhancement (EGE) and Cardiac Functional Parameters in Cine-Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) on Artificial Intelligence in Patients with Acute Myocarditis: A Case-Controlled Observational Study

Wei-Feng Yuan1BCDEF, Xin-Xiang Zhao2AG*, Fu-Bi Hu1F, Chen Bai1F, Fang Tang1F

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.916690

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:5493-5500

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of myocarditis is challenging, and the treatment is generally delayed due to misdiagnosis or missed diagnosis. Endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) is not a specific or sensitive method. A case-controlled observational study was conducted to evaluate early gadolinium enhancement (EGE) and left ventricular functional parameters on Artificial Intelligence in cine-MRI in patients with acute myocarditis.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We selected 21 patients with pathologically proven acute myocarditis. We analyzed the EGE findings (total/serial number and location of positive-segments using the 17-segment model according to the American Heart Association) and clinical characteristics (symptoms, arrhythmias in ECG, coronary angiography, and EMB). All patients were divided into positive EGE and negative EGE groups to analyze left ventricular functional parameters (LVEF, FS, LVEDD, LVEDV, LVESV, LVMM, LVSV, CO, and CI) on Artificial Intelligence.

RESULTS: We enrolled 21 patients (11 males) with a mean age of 32.6±9.8 years (range, 16 to 51 years). Abnormalities on EGE were found in 2/3 of patients, involving 41 segments among multiple locations on the myocardium. The differences in LVEF (40.2±10.2% vs. 51.3±3.6%), LVESV (69.0±16.1ml vs. 52.5±10.6ml) and LVSV (42.6±11.4 vs. 52.8±2.8 ml) on Artificial Intelligence was statistically significant between the positive EGE and negative EGE groups (p<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest a significant role of EGE on the basis of Lake Louise criteria in evaluating patients with clinical suspicion of acute myocarditis. Parameters, including LVEF, LVESV, and LVSV, on Artificial Intelligence, may be useful independent predictors for capillary leakage and microcirculatory disturbance in myocarditis.

Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, Heart Diseases, Heart Function Tests, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Adolescent, Case-Control Studies, Contrast Media, Gadolinium, Gadolinium DTPA, Heart, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Cine, Microcirculation, Middle Aged, myocarditis, Myocardium, Predictive Value of Tests, Ventricular Function, Left

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DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938532

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750