Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

12 April 2020 : Review article  

Active Surveillance of Prostate Cancer Using Multiparametric Magnetic Resonance Imaging: A Review of the Current Role and Future Perspectives

Katarzyna Sklinda1ABDEFG*, Bartosz Mruk1ABF, Jerzy Walecki1AG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.920252

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e920252

Abstract

Clinically, active surveillance involves continuous monitoring of patients who may be at risk for disease. Patients with low-grade and early-stage prostate cancer may benefit from active surveillance, rather than undergoing surgical and medical treatments that are associated with side effects. In these cases, the role of active surveillance is to ensure that there is no progression of the disease. However, active surveillance may be associated with a risk of under-diagnosis. Previously, the assignment of risk categories and patient monitoring were based on digital rectal examination, transrectal prostate biopsy, and monitoring of serum levels of prostate-specific antigen (PSA). Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the prostate gland has an estimated negative predictive value of 95% for the detection of prostate cancer, which makes this an effective imaging method for targeting biopsies and for monitoring patients over time. Also, multiparametric MRI-guided biopsy at the initial stage of the risk stratification for patients who are newly diagnosed with prostate cancer may reduce the number of underdiagnosed patients, improve long-term patient prognosis, and reduce the number of patients who are overtreated, which may reduce healthcare costs and reduce treatment morbidity. For these reasons, multiparametric MRI has become an accepted monitoring tool in patients who are enrolled in active surveillance programs. This review aims to present the current status of the use of multiparametric MRI in active surveillance of prostate cancer and to discuss future perspectives, supported by recent literature.

Keywords: Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Prostate, Prostatic Neoplasms, Image-Guided Biopsy, Patient Selection, Prostate-Specific Antigen, Watchful Waiting

Add Comment 0 Comments

Editorial

01 May 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: First Regulatory Approval for Adoptive Cell Therapy with Autologous Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes (TILs) – Lifileucel (Amtagvi)

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944927

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e944927

In Press

26 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

New Computerized Planning Algorithm and Clinical Testing of Optimized Nuss Bar Design for Patients with Pec...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943705  

0:00

07 May 2024 : Clinical Research  

Treatment of AVN-Induced Proximal Pole Scaphoid Nonunion Using a Fifth and Fourth Extensor Compartmental Ar...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944553  

16 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Diagnostic Efficiency of ACR-TIRADS Score for Differentiating Benign and Malignant Thyroid Nodules of Vario...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943228  

08 May 2024 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Individualized PEEP Guided by Driving Pressure on Diaphragm Function in Patients Undergoing Lapar...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944022  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article  

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research  

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750