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10 March 2020 : Clinical Research  

Analysis of Masticatory Muscle Activity Based on Presence of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders

Gi-hoon Cho1BCF, Yongwoo Lee1ABCDEFG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.921337

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e921337

Abstract

BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to analyze the activity of masticatory muscles depending on the presence of temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD) when foods of various hardness are masticated.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We enrolled 20 subjects (13 men and 7 women) who met our selection criteria, and they were divided into 3 groups (the Disorder Group, the Malalignment Group, and the Control Group) based on surveys and screening inspection. The average of reference voluntary contraction (RVC) was used to measure masticatory muscle activity. Using surface electromyography (SEMG) for each group during masticatory activity, the activities of the masseter muscle and temporalis muscle were measured based on the hardness of 3 different foods (soft, sticky, and hard).

RESULTS: Characteristics of these 3 groups prior to the experiment were identical, and subsequent findings were as follows: First, when masticating sticky food, the Disorder Group and Malalignment Group showed significant differences from the Control Group in activities of the masseter muscle and temporalis muscle (p<0.05). Second, when masticating hard food, the Malalignment Group and Control Group showed significant differences from the Disorder Group in the masseter muscle and temporalis muscle activities (p<0.05). Based on these findings, the study showed that malalignment affects movement of the temporomandibular joint during mastication of sticky food, and the temporomandibular joint movement was affected by the presence of pain during mastication of hard food.

CONCLUSIONS: Our results provide basic data useful in the diagnosis of temporomandibular joint disorder, as well as guiding future studies on this topic.

Keywords: Electromyography, Mastication, Masticatory Muscles, Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome, Cross-Sectional Studies, Feasibility Studies, Masseter Muscle, Muscle Contraction, Temporal Muscle, Temporomandibular Joint, Temporomandibular Joint Disorders, young adult

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750