Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

21 May 2020 : Database Analysis  

Bioinformatics Analysis Identifies the Estrogen Receptor 1 (ESR1) Gene and hsa-miR-26a-5p as Potential Prognostic Biomarkers in Patients with Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma

Xianzheng Qin1ABCDEFG*, Yuning Song1ABDEF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.921815

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e921815


BACKGROUND: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma arises from the epithelial cells of the bile ducts and is associated with poor prognosis. This study aimed to use bioinformatics analysis to identify molecular biomarkers of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and their potential mechanisms.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: MicroRNA (miRNA) and mRNA microarrays from GSE53870 and GSE32879 were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Differentially expressed miRNAs (DEMs) associated with prognosis were identified using limma software and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. Predictive target genes of the DEMs were identified using miRWalk, miRTarBase, miRDB, and TargetScan databases of miRNA-binding sites and targets. Target genes underwent Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis. Hub genes were analyzed by constructing the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network using Cytoscape. DEMs validated the hub genes, followed by construction of the miRNA-gene regulatory network.

RESULTS: Twenty-five DEMs were identified. Fifteen DEMs were upregulated, and ten were down-regulated. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis identified seven upregulated DEMs and nine down-regulated DEMs that were associated with the overall survival (OS), and 130 target genes were selected. GO analysis showed that target genes were mainly enriched for metabolism and development processes. KEGG analysis showed that target genes were mainly enriched for cancer processes and some signaling pathways. Fourteen hub genes identified from the PPI network were associated with the regulation of cell proliferation. The overlap between hub genes and DEMs identified the estrogen receptor 1 (ESR1) gene and hsa-miR-26a-5p.

CONCLUSIONS: Bioinformatics analysis identified ESR1 and hsa-miR-26a-5p as potential prognostic biomarkers for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma.

Keywords: Biological Markers, Cholangiocarcinoma, Gene Expression Profiling, Bile Duct Neoplasms, Biomarkers, Tumor, Computational Biology, Databases, Genetic, Estrogen Receptor alpha, gene ontology, Gene Regulatory Networks, Prognosis, Protein Interaction Maps, RNA, Messenger, Software

Add Comment 0 Comments

1686 14


01 December 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: Outbreaks of Post-Pandemic Childhood Pneumonia and the Re-Emergence of Endemic Respiratory Infections

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943312

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e943312


In Press

04 Dec 2023 : Animal Research  

Effects of Intrathecal Ketamine on Cerebrospinal Fluid Levels of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor and Mech...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI:  

01 Dec 2023 : Clinical Research  

Risk Factors and Clinical Outcomes of COVID-19 Infection in Multiple Sclerosis Patients: A Retrospective St...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI:  

30 Nov 2023 : Review article  

Decoding the Neurological Sequelae of General Anesthesia: A Review

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI:  

30 Nov 2023 : Clinical Research  

Enhanced Pain Relief and Muscle Growth in Individuals with Low Back Instability: The Impact of Blood Flow R...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI:  

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788


30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379


14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990


08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292


Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750