Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

28 May 2020 : Laboratory Research  

Avicularin Reduces the Expression of Mediators of Inflammation and Oxidative Stress in Bradykinin-Treated MG-63 Human Osteoblastic Osteosarcoma Cells

Zhentao Zhang1ABCDEF, Guodong Lv2BCD, Liang Du3BEF*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.921957

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e921957


BACKGROUND: Avicularin is a plant-derived flavonoid used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat conditions that include ankle fracture. Bradykinin stimulated MG-63 human osteoblastic osteosarcoma cells has previously been studied in an in vitro model. This study aimed to investigate the effects of avicularin on bradykinin-treated MG-63 human osteoblastic osteosarcoma cells in vitro.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: MG-63 cells were treated with increasing concentrations of avicularin for 48 hours, followed by 1 μM of bradykinin for 24 h. The MTT assay was used to measure cell viability. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were used to measure the expression of inflammatory mediators, interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) mRNA and protein, respectively. The expression of oxidative stress factors, malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase were measured. Western blot and qRT-PCR were performed to determine p38, p65, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) protein levels and mRNA expression, respectively.

RESULTS: Avicularin had no cytotoxic effect on MG-63 cells. Avicularin significantly upregulated the expression levels IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α in the bradykinin treated group in a dose-dependent manner. Avicularin reduced the level of MDA and the activity of SOD and catalase in the bradykinin treated MG-63 cells, reduced p-p38, p-p65, iNOS, and COX-2 expression, and decreased the p-p38/p38 ratio and the p-p65/p65 ratio in bradykinin treated MG-63 cells in a dose-dependent manner.

CONCLUSIONS: Avicularin reduced the expression of inflammatory cytokines and the levels of markers of oxidative stress in MG-63 human osteoblastic osteosarcoma cells in vitro.

Keywords: ankle fractures, bradykinin, Cyclooxygenase 2, Cytokines, Inflammation Mediators, Interleukin-6, Nitric Oxide, Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II, Osteoblasts, Osteosarcoma

Add Comment 0 Comments


01 June 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Concerns as Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) Virus of the H5N1 Subtype is Identified in Dairy Cows and Other Mammals

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.945315

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e945315


In Press

Clinical Research  

Impact of COVID-19-Induced Academic Stress on Insomnia and Suicidal Ideation among Taiwanese Health Trainee...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944932  

Review article  

Impact of Workplace Bullying on Nursing Care Quality: A Comprehensive Review

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944815  

Clinical Research  

Anterior Plate-Supported Cannulated Screw Surgery for Ankle Arthrodesis: Clinical and Radiologic Results in...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944452  

Clinical Research  

Elevated Plasma Levels of Growth Arrest Specific 6 (Gas6) Protein in Severe Obesity: Implications for Adipo...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944462  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article   1,964,783

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799


14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research   1,542,370

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990


16 May 2023 : Clinical Research   690,428

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387


01 Jan 2022 : Editorial   50,342

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952


Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750