Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

07 June 2020 : Clinical Research  

Two-Dimensional and Three-Dimensional Transthoracic Echocardiography as Predictive and Prognostic Indicators of All-Cause Mortality in Heart Failure with Reduced Ejection Fraction in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease

Aixia Lu1BCE*, Haibo Fan1CF, Jinfeng Xu1BD, Jun Li2AG, Honglei Zhao3BF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.922129

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e922129


BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the predictive role of two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (2D-TTE) and three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (3D-TTE) on in-hospital all-cause mortality in patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) due to ischemic heart disease (IHD).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients (N-224) with HFrEF due to IHD who had a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <40% on admission when measured by 2D-TTE and 3D-TTE were studied and divided into survival and mortality groups. Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics were compared.

RESULTS: Compared with the survival group (n=142), patients who died during hospitalization (n=82) were more commonly older (67.3 vs. 62.6 years), female (48.8% vs. 38.7%), with diabetes mellitus (51.2% vs. 32.4%), chronic kidney disease (48.8% vs. 32.4%), intravenous inotropes (85.4% vs. 76.1%), and intravenous vasodilators (70.7% vs. 61.3%). Regression model analysis for all-cause mortality identified significant associations with age, diabetes mellitus, myocardial infarction (MI), intravenous inotropes, N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), and LVEF following 2D-TTE. Age, diabetes mellitus, prior MI, the use of intravenous inotropes, NT-proBNP, LVEF, and left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV) index following 3D-TTE were significantly associated with all-cause mortality. Modeling of 2D-TTE parameters showed that the concordance statistic (C-index) increased significantly after including the LVEF, from 0.72 to 0.77 and from 0.72 to 0.80, respectively. Modeling of 3D-TTE parameters showed that the C-index increased significantly after including the LVEDV index (from 0.80 to 0.76).

CONCLUSIONS: In patients with HFrEF due to IHD, 3D-TTE was a better predictor than 2D-TTE of in-hospital all-cause mortality.

Keywords: Mortality, Echocardiography, Doppler, Aged, 80 and over, Echocardiography, Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional, Heart Ventricles, Myocardial Ischemia, Ventricular Dysfunction, Left, Ventricular Function, Left

Add Comment 0 Comments


01 June 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Concerns as Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) Virus of the H5N1 Subtype is Identified in Dairy Cows and Other Mammals

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.945315

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e945315


In Press

Clinical Research  

Morphological and Dimensional Analysis of the Nasopalatine Canal: Insights from Cone-Beam Computed Tomograp...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944424  


Clinical Research  

Hemorrhagic Cysts in the Pancreas: Risk Factors, Treatment, and Outcomes – Insights from a Single-Center Study

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.941955  


Clinical Research  

Perioperative Administration of Tranexamic Acid and Low Molecular Weight Heparin for Enhanced Blood Managem...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944063  

Database Analysis  

Comprehensive Analysis of Sphingolipid Metabolism-Related Genes in Osteoarthritic Diagnosis and Synovial Im...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943369  

Most Viewed Current Articles

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research   1,441,389

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990


17 Jan 2024 : Review article   1,376,349

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799


16 May 2023 : Clinical Research   690,122

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387


01 Jan 2022 : Editorial   50,127

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952


Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750