Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

05 June 2020 : Animal Research  

Methane Alleviates Inflammation and Apoptosis of Dextran Sulfate Sodium-Induced Inflammatory Bowel Diseases by Inhibiting Toll-Like Receptor 4 (TLR4)/Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88 (MyD88)/Nuclear Translocation of Nuclear Factor-κB (NF-κB) and Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress Pathways in Mice

Naiying Shen1B, Zhixiang Wang1C, Cong Wang2E, Jingyao Zhang2A*, Chang Liu2A

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.922248

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e922248


BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are chronic idiopathic diseases with increased occurrence and recurrence rates. The aim of this study was to explore whether methane-rich saline (MRS) would be beneficial to IBD.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) was utilized to establish an IBD model. Male C57BL/6J mice were randomly grouped as follows: the control group, the DSS+NS group, the DSS+5-ASA group, the DSS+MRS (1) and DSS+MRS (10) groups. Seven days after model induction, blood and colon tissues were collected to assess the treatment effects.

RESULTS: The DSS+MRS (10) group showed obviously reduced weight loss, disease activity index, and spleen index. The isolated colon samples had a notably longer length, less thickness and weight, and better macroscopic score with MRS treatment compared with the DSS+NS group. Additionally, assessment of morphological impairment revealed a milder and lower microscopic score in the DSS+MRS (10) group, consistent with the myeloperoxidase (MPO) results. The inflammation-related molecules levels were dramatically reduced by MRS. MRS also significantly reduced oxidative stress related proteins. In addition, apoptotic cells were visually decreased in the DSS+MRS (10) group, in which the pro-apoptotic molecules Bax and cleaved caspase-3 were reduced, whereas the level of Bcl-2 was increased. Furthermore, MRS markedly decreased the TLR4, MyD88, p-NF-κB p65, p-IKKαβ, and p-IκBα, and increased IL-10, p-JAK1, and p-STAT3 expression levels. Proteins involved in endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) were also notably reduced under MRS treatment.

CONCLUSIONS: MRS exerts protective effects on DSS-induced IBD via inhibiting inflammatory reaction, promoting anti-inflammatory capacity, suppressing oxidative stress, and ameliorating apoptosis.

Keywords: Endoplasmic reticulum stress, Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, Toll-Like Receptor 4, Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Dextran Sulfate, Methane, Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88, Random Allocation

Add Comment 0 Comments


01 February 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Global Health Concerns as Vaccine-Preventable Infections Including SARS-CoV-2 (JN.1), Influenza, Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV), and Measles Continue to Rise

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943911

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e943911


In Press

02 Jan 2024 : Clinical Research  

Urinary Concentration of Renal Biomarkers in Healthy Term Neonates: Gender Differences in GST-pi Excretion

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942819  


29 Dec 2023 : Clinical Research  

Performance of Subcutaneous Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (S-ICD) in Chinese Population with Prima...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942747  

08 Jan 2024 : Review article  

Review of Approaches to the Management of Vertical Dental Root Fractures and Tooth Preservation

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943100  

03 Jan 2024 : Clinical Research  

Comparative Efficacy of Ultrasound-Guided Cervical Fascial Infiltration versus Periarticular Administration...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942044  

Most Viewed Current Articles

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research  

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387


17 Jan 2024 : Review article  

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799


14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990


01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952


Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750