Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

10 June 2020 : Clinical Research  

Can Salivary Biomarkers Be Used as Predictors of Dental Caries in Young Adolescents?

Branislava Stojković1ABCDEF*, Marija Igić1ACD, Tatjana Jevtović Stoimenov2ACD, Olivera Tričković Janjić1AD, Aleksandra Ignjatović3ACD, Miloš Kostić4AD, Milica Petrović1EF, Simona Stojanović1EF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.923471

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923471


BACKGROUND: Identifying caries predictors in the subpopulation at risk is one of the preconditions for developing effective caries prevention measures. The present exploratory study aimed to examine the significance of socio-demographic characteristics, dietary-hygiene habits, salivary pH, and salivary antimicrobial HNP-1, hBD-2, and LL-37 peptides as potential caries risk predictors in children ages 11–13 years.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective 1-year study enrolled 213 children ages 11–13 years. The subjects underwent a dental examination and their mothers were interviewed. Unstimulated saliva was collected from the subjects to determine its pH value, as well as the salivary levels of HNP-1, hBD-2, and LL-37 peptides in 85 of the subjects. After 12 months, the 1-year caries incidence rate was recorded. Logistic regression analysis was used to estimate the ability of selected variables to predict caries risk.

RESULTS: The univariable logistic regression analysis determined that the most significant independent caries risk predictors were: sex (female) (OR=2.132, p=0.007), mothers’ education (OR=1.986, p=0.020), salivary pH (OR=0.270, p=0.043), oral hygiene index (OR=1.886, p=0.015), and daily tooth brushing frequency (OR=0.565, p=0.042). The multivariable model showed that sex and oral hygiene-related variables were the most important caries predictors.

CONCLUSIONS: Salivary HNP-1, hBD-2, and LL-37 peptides were not found to have a significant predictive value. Therefore, socio-demographic and oral hygiene variables remain important caries predictors in early adolescents, suggesting the importance of the mechanical control of biofilm as the key measure for preventing caries. However, there is still a need for effective caries risk biomarkers, and additional research is needed in this area of caries risk prediction.

Keywords: Adolescent, Dental Caries, Oral Hygiene, biomarkers, cathelicidins, Child, Cross-Sectional Studies, Feeding Behavior, Incidence, Peptide Fragments, Prognosis, Prospective Studies, Risk Factors, Saliva, Surveys and Questionnaires, Toothbrushing, alpha-Defensins, beta-Defensins



01 March 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: Global Surveillance of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Viruses in Poultry, Wild Birds, and Mammals to Prevent a Human Influenza Pandemic

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939968

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939968


In Press

24 Mar 2023 : Database Analysis  

Causes of Death Following Gastric Cancer Diagnosis: A Population-Based Analysis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939848  

22 Mar 2023 : Special report  

One Year On: Poland’s Public Health Initiatives and National Response to Millions of Refugees from Ukraine

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940223  

22 Mar 2023 : Clinical Research  

Value of IL-1β and IL-23 in Predicting 28-Day Mortality Due to Sepsis: A Retrospective Study

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940163  

21 Mar 2023 : Clinical Research  

Efficacy of Direct Anterior Approach Versus Posterior Lateral Approach for Total Hip Replacement in Patient...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939682  

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750