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20 November 2023 : Clinical Research  

[In Press] Predictive Factors for Residual Low Back Pain Following Percutaneous Endoscopic Lumbar Discectomy in Patients with Lumbar Disc Herniation

Qianqin Hu1ABDEG, Wenjing Wu2BDE, Jiahao Liu3BCD, Shuihua Xie1EFG, Tao Tang1ABDFG

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI:   :: ID: 942231

Available online: 2023-11-20, In Press, Corrected Proof

Publication in the "In-Press" formula aims at speeding up the public availability of the pending manuscript while waiting for the final publication. The assigned DOI number is active and citable. The availability of the article in the Medline, PubMed and PMC databases as well as Web of Science will be obtained after the final publication according to the journal schedule


Percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD) is a mature and popular surgery for treatment of lumbar disc herniation (LDH). The main objective of our study was to identify risk factors for residual low back pain after PELD and to improve postoperative management.
We retrospectively analyzed the clinical and imaging data of 251 patients who underwent PELD for LDH. We defined residual LBP as visual analog scale (VAS) score for LBP ≥3 at 2 years postoperatively, and severe LBP was defined as VAS for LBP ≥7.5. The clinical and imaging data were analyzed by comparing patients with VAS scores ≥3 and <3, and univariate analysis and multivariable logistic regression analysis were applied to predict the risk factors for residual LBP.
There were 56 (22.3%) patients with LBP VAS ≥3 at 2 years postoperatively. Multivariable logistic regression analysis demonstrated that severe baseline VAS for LBP (P<0.001), MCs type I (P=0.006), and severe fatty infiltration of the paravertebral muscles (P<0.001) were independent risk factors for residual LBP after PELD.
In patients with LDH, MCs type I, severe baseline LBP, and fatty infiltration of the paravertebral muscles were predictive factors for residual LBP after PELD. Our study suggests that spine surgeons should pay more attention to these imaging parameters, which may be a helpful indicator for the choice of surgical modality.

Keywords: Low Back Pain; Lumbar Vertebrae; Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures; Risk Factors


01 December 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: Outbreaks of Post-Pandemic Childhood Pneumonia and the Re-Emergence of Endemic Respiratory Infections

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943312

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e943312


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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750