Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

01 May 2004

The effects on infants of potent antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy: a report from Spain

Jose Ma Bellón Cano, Silvia Sánchez-Ramón, Luis Ciria, Juan Antonio León, Dolores Gurbindo, Claudia Fortuny, José Ma, Jesús Ruiz Contreras, José Tomás Ramos, Oscar Asensi, Antonio Mur, Rosa Resino, Ma Angeles Muňóz-Fernández

Med Sci Monit 2004; 10(5): CR179-184 :: ID: 11642

Abstract

Background:The purpose of our study was to assess the effects on infants of protease inhibitor (PI)-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) given to their HIV-positive mothers during pregnancy.Material/Methods:A multicenter observational study was carried out at 11 centers in Spain, involving 124 HIV-1-infected pregnant women under ART and their infants. The mothers were classified according to the ART protocols used during pregnancy into two groups: group A, 52 women with >2 nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI) with or without NNRTI, for a mean time of 4.7±2.2 months; and group B, 72 women on protease inhibitor (PI)-based regimens for 5.4±2.6 months.Conclusions:Optimal management of HIV-1 infection in women, regardless of their pregnancy status, can be recommended in more developed countries, without adverse effects on pregnancy outcome, and dramatically decreasing vertical transmission. HAART with PI versus potent ART during pregnancy was effective and safe for infants throughout the 12-month follow-up. In the light of recent advances in anti-HIV-1 pregnancy therapy, the long-term safety of these prophylactic and therapeutical strategies should be studied.

Keywords: Anti-HIV Agents - therapeutic use, Anti-Retroviral Agents - therapeutic use, Disease Transmission, Vertical, HIV Infections, HIV Seropositivity, HIV-1 - metabolism, Infant, Newborn, Pregnancy, Pregnancy Complications, Infectious, Pregnancy Outcome, Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors - therapeutic use, Spain, Time Factors, Anti-HIV Agents - therapeutic use, Anti-Retroviral Agents - therapeutic use, HIV Infections, HIV Seropositivity, HIV-1 - metabolism, Infant, Newborn, Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical, Pregnancy, Pregnancy Complications, Infectious, Pregnancy Outcome, Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors - therapeutic use, Spain, Time Factors

0 Comments

Editorial

01 October 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Rebound COVID-19 and Cessation of Antiviral Treatment for SARS-CoV-2 with Paxlovid and Molnupiravir

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938532

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938532

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

16 September 2022 : Review article  

Effects of Physiotherapy on Rehabilitation and Quality of Life in Patients Hospitalized for COVID-19: A Rev...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938141  

03 October 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Vitamin D Concentration on Course of COVID-19

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937741

In Press

30 Sep 2022 : Clinical Research  

Correlation Between Trough Level of Abiraterone and Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Response in Metastatic ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938091  

30 Sep 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Biological Mechanisms of Dexmedetomidine for Postoperative Neurocognitive Disorders

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937862  

29 Sep 2022 : Animal Research  

Effect of Antilogous Platelet-Rich Plasma on the Revascularization of Rabbit Prefabricated Flap

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937718  

26 Sep 2022 : Clinical Research  

Distribution and Determinants of Plasma Homocysteine Levels in a Preconception Population: A Retrospective ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937987  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750