Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

02 July 2004

Atrial-selective antiarrhythmic actions of novel Ikur vs. Ikr, Iks, and IKAch class Ic drugs and beta blockers in pigs

Joachim Brendel, Karsten Knobloch, Björn Rosenstein, Markus Bleich, Andreas E. Busch, Klaus J. Wirth

Med Sci Monit 2004; 10(7): BR221-228 :: ID: 11700

Abstract

Background:The Kv1.5 channel, underlying I[sub]Kur[/sub], is supposed to be atrial selective in pigs and humans. We investigated the effects of different potassium channel blockers, i.e. the IKur blockers AVE 0118, S9947 and S20951, with amiodarone (AM), dofetilide (DO), azimilide (AZ), ibutilide (IB), the I[sub]Ks[/sub] blocker HMR 1556, atropine (ATR), flecainide (FL), propafenone (PR), d,l-sotalol (SO), atenolol (ATE), and esmolol (ES), on the left and right atrial and ventricular refractoriness and left atrial vulnerability (LAV) in vivo in pigs.Material/Methods:In pentobarbital-anesthetized pigs (n=81), atrial and ventricular effective refractory periods (ERPs) were measured with the S1-S2-extrastimulus-method and QTc time from electrocardiograms. LAV was assessed after S2-extrastimulus to the left atrium.Results:All I[sub]Kur[/sub] blockers prolonged left stronger than right atrial ERP and did not change QTc. All I[sub]Kr[/sub] blockers predominantly prolonged the right vs. left atria. AM prolonged both atria equally, and ATR the left only. Pure beta blockers acted predominantly on the left atrium, as did FL and PR, while d,l-sotalol acted predominantly on the right. AVE 0118, S9947, S20951, ibutilide, and d,l-sotalol significantly decreased LAV (–100%, –100%, –82%, –53%, –42%; p<0.05), in contrast to all other drugs.
Conclusions: The IKur blockers exhibited stronger effects on the left atrium, which itself has shorter refractoriness, but strikingly with no effect on ventricular repolarization, while IKr blockers, IKs blockers, and d,l-sotalol exerted predominantly right atrial effects and known ventricular effects. IKur blockers inhibited atrial tachyarrhythmias stronger than all available drugs. Therefore, IKur blockers seem to be promising new atrial-selective antiarrhythmic drugs.

Keywords: Piperazines - pharmacology, Adrenergic beta-Antagonists - pharmacology, Amiodarone - pharmacology, Anti-Arrhythmia Agents - pharmacology, Atrial Function - physiology, Atropine - pharmacology, Biphenyl Compounds - pharmacology, Chromans - pharmacology, Flecainide - pharmacology, Heart Atria - drug effects, Imidazoles - pharmacology, Imidazolidines, Phenethylamines - pharmacology, Piperazines - pharmacology, Potassium Channel Blockers - pharmacology, Potassium Channels - physiology, Propafenone - pharmacology, Propanolamines - pharmacology, Sotalol - pharmacology, Sulfonamides - pharmacology, Swine, Ventricular Function - physiology

0 Comments

Editorial

01 February 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: The XBB.1.5 (‘Kraken’) Subvariant of Omicron SARS-CoV-2 and its Rapid Global Spread

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939580

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939580

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

19 January 2023 : Clinical Research  

Evaluation of Health-Related Quality of Life and Mental Health in 729 Medical Students in Indonesia During ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938892  

27 December 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Physiotherapy to Correct Rounded Shoulder Posture in 30 Patients During the COVID-19 Pandemic in ...

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938926

10 December 2022 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study to Identify Risk Factors for Severe Disease and Mortality Using the Modified Early Warn...

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938647

In Press

02 Feb 2023 : Clinical Research  

Online Questionnaire-Based Study to Evaluate the Attitudes and Use of Rubber Dental Dams by Saudi Dental Pr...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938672  

02 Feb 2023 : Database Analysis  

Prognostic-Related Biomarkers in Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Correlating with Immune Infiltrates Based...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938785  

01 Feb 2023 : Clinical Research  

Comparison of 3 Enzyme-Linked Immunoassay Methods to Evaluate Serum Concentrations of Infliximab and Antibo...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939084  

31 Jan 2023 : Clinical Research  

Balloon Dilation Eustachian Tuboplasty Combined with Tympanotomy Tube Insertion for Treatment of Refractory...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938879  

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750