Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

01 August 2004

NK1.1 cells are required to control T cell hyperactivity during Trypanosoma cruzi infection

Fabíola Cardillo, Auro Nomizo, Edilberto Postol, José Mengel

Med Sci Monit 2004; 10(8): BR259-267 :: ID: 11729

Abstract

Background:This study evaluated the regulatory function of NK1.1+ cells during Trypanosoma cruzi infection.Material/Methods: Both thymectomized (Tx C57Bl/6) and euthymic C57Bl/6 mice (C57Bl/6) were infected intraperitoneally with the Tulahuen strain. NK1.1[sup]+[/sup] cells were depleted in vivo by anti-NK1.1 mAb. Spleen cells were analyzed by flow cytometry for the expression of CD44 and CD69 on T cells. Supernatants from splenocytes were used to measure nitrite concentration (quantified by Griess reagent). Interleukin 2 and IFN-gamma levels were determined by ELISA. The protocols used herein were approved by the Institutional Committee for Ethics. Student’s t or Kruskal-Wallis tests were applied, as indicated.Results: The number of T cells expressing CD69 increased progressively during T. cruzi infection in NK1.1 cell-depleted C57Bl/6 mice. In spite of an increased early T cell activation during infection, the percentage of CD4[sup]+[/sup] CD44[sup]high[/sup] T cells did not augment in NK1.1 cell-depleted C57Bl/6 mice compared with untreated C57Bl/6 controls. Serum levels of IFN-gamma in anti-NK1.1-treated mice were higher than in non-depleted animals. Con-A-stimulated spleen cell supernatants from NK1.1 cell-depleted animals contained increased levels of IL-2 and nitric oxide (NO) during early infection.Conclusions: After the first week of infection, NO overproduction and high levels of IFN-gamma in anti-NK1.1-tre­ated C57Bl/6 mice appeared to be related to susceptibility and hyperactivation of peripheral T cells. Finally, this study suggests a novel regulatory function of NK1.1[sup]+[/sup] cells during T. cruzi infection. Without NK1.1 cells, T lymphocytes are hyperactivated but do not differentiate to effector/memory T cells in infected C57Bl/6 mice.

Keywords: Antigens, CD - metabolism, Antigens, CD44 - metabolism, Antigens, Differentiation, T-Lymphocyte - metabolism, Interferon Type II - metabolism, Interleukin-2 - metabolism, Killer Cells, Natural - immunology, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Nitric Oxide - metabolism, Spleen - immunology, Spleen - parasitology, T-Lymphocytes - immunology, Trypanosoma cruzi - immunology, Antigens, CD - metabolism, Antigens, CD44 - metabolism, Antigens, Differentiation, T-Lymphocyte - metabolism, Interferon-gamma - metabolism, Interleukin-2 - metabolism, Killer Cells, Natural - immunology, Lectins, C-Type, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Nitric Oxide - metabolism, Spleen - parasitology, T-Lymphocytes - immunology, Trypanosoma cruzi - immunology

0 Comments

Editorial

01 February 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: The XBB.1.5 (‘Kraken’) Subvariant of Omicron SARS-CoV-2 and its Rapid Global Spread

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939580

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939580

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

19 January 2023 : Clinical Research  

Evaluation of Health-Related Quality of Life and Mental Health in 729 Medical Students in Indonesia During ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938892  

27 December 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Physiotherapy to Correct Rounded Shoulder Posture in 30 Patients During the COVID-19 Pandemic in ...

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938926

10 December 2022 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study to Identify Risk Factors for Severe Disease and Mortality Using the Modified Early Warn...

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938647

In Press

03 Feb 2023 : Clinical Research  

Treatment of Gingival Recession Defects with Pouch and Tunnel Technique Using Connective Tissue Graft and L...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938865  

02 Feb 2023 : Clinical Research  

Online Questionnaire-Based Study to Evaluate the Attitudes and Use of Rubber Dental Dams by Saudi Dental Pr...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938672  

02 Feb 2023 : Database Analysis  

Prognostic-Related Biomarkers in Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Correlating with Immune Infiltrates Based...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938785  

01 Feb 2023 : Clinical Research  

Comparison of 3 Enzyme-Linked Immunoassay Methods to Evaluate Serum Concentrations of Infliximab and Antibo...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939084  

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750