Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

27 August 2003

Expression and involvement of Toll-like receptors (TLR)2, TLR4, and CD14 in monocyte TNF-alfa production induced by lipopolysaccharides from Neisseria meningitidis

Mohammad Reza Mirlashari, Torstein Lyberg

Med Sci Monit 2003; 9(8): BR316-324 :: ID: 13093

Abstract

Background:The present study was undertaken to examine the ability of lipopolysaccharide-containing outer membrane vesicles (OMV-LPS) and purified LPS (P-LPS) from the same meningococcal strain to induce the expression of Toll-like receptors (TLR2 and TLR4) and TNF-alfa production in leukocytes, and further to study the involvement of TLRs, and CD14 in monocyte TNF- alfa production in an ex vivo human whole blood system.Material/Methods:OMV-LPS or P-LPS were added to human whole blood and expression of TLR2/4 and production of TNF- alfa in leukocytes were measured by flow cytometry. To study involvement of TLRs and CD14 in monocyte cytokine production we used monoclonal antibodies against TLR2/4 and CD14.Results:OMV-LPS and P-LPS induced surface expression (maximal at 120 min) of TLR2 and TLR4 on granulocytes and monocytes. LPS incorporated in OMV was less potent (weight basis) than P-LPS in inducing monocyte TNF- alfa production. When inducing monocyte TNF-alfa by OMV-LPS, antibodies directed against TLR2 and TLR4 caused 45 and 78% inhibition, respectively. When inducing TNF- alfa by P-LPS, antibodies against TLR2 had no effect, whereas anti-TLR4 antibodies caused 63% inhibition. Antibodies against CD14 inhibited nearly completely the monocyte TNF- alfa response induced by meningococcal LPS irrespective of whether LPS was presented in purified form or incorporated in membrane vesicles.Conclusions:OMV-LPS and P-LPS from the same meningococcal strain induced expression of TLR2/4 on monocytes and granulocytes. Surface receptors TLR2/4 and CD14 are essential for in vitro cellular activation induced by OMV-LPS and P-LPS, but the functional significance of these receptors during meningococcal infections remains elusive.

Keywords: Antigens, CD14 - metabolism, Lipopolysaccharides - metabolism, Membrane Glycoproteins - metabolism, Monocytes - drug effects, Monocytes - metabolism, Neisseria meningitidis - cytology, Neisseria meningitidis - metabolism, Receptors, Cell Surface - metabolism, Toll-Like Receptor 2, Toll-Like Receptor 4, Toll-Like Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha - metabolism

0 Comments

Editorial

01 February 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: The XBB.1.5 (‘Kraken’) Subvariant of Omicron SARS-CoV-2 and its Rapid Global Spread

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939580

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939580

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

19 January 2023 : Clinical Research  

Evaluation of Health-Related Quality of Life and Mental Health in 729 Medical Students in Indonesia During ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938892  

27 December 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Physiotherapy to Correct Rounded Shoulder Posture in 30 Patients During the COVID-19 Pandemic in ...

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938926

10 December 2022 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study to Identify Risk Factors for Severe Disease and Mortality Using the Modified Early Warn...

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938647

In Press

07 Feb 2023 : Clinical Research  

Application of Musculoskeletal Ultrasound Guidance in Lumbar Transforaminal Endoscopic Surgery for Puncture...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937692  

07 Feb 2023 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Polylactic Acid Membrane on Guided Bone Regeneration in Anterior Maxillary Implantation

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938566  

06 Feb 2023 : Clinical Research  

Double C-Arm Digital Subtraction Angiography Guidance During Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938912  

06 Feb 2023 : Review article  

Evolution of Hybrid Intelligence and Its Application in Evidence-Based Medicine: A Review

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939366  

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750