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01 January 2005

A new classification of the mitral papillary muscle

Denis Berdajs, Patonay Lajos, Marko I. Turina

Med Sci Monit 2005; 11(1): BR18-21 :: ID: 13866


Background: Mitral valve homograft implantation and reconstruction of the left ventricular subvalvular apparatus requires a good knowledge of the morphology of the left papillary muscles. A comprehensive description of the left ventricular subvalvular apparatus is presented to aid in this procedure and to support conventional and endoscope-assisted reconstruction of the chordae tendineae.Material/Methods: The subvalvular apparatuses of 100 unfi xed human hearts were investigated. Papillary muscles were endoscopically examined on the hearts in situ, then the hearts were explanted and the subvalvular apparatus was macroscopically inspected. The geometrical rangement of the chordae tendineae was determined. Results: We defi ned three groups of the left ventricular papillary muscle. In group I the basal part and the apex of the muscle were undivided. In group II there were two heads; in subgroup II/A the base of the papillary muscle was undivided and in II/B it was divided into two separate parts. In group III the papillary muscle had three heads. In subgroup III/A the base was undivided, while in III/B it was made up of two and in III/C three separate parts.Conclusions: We propose a classifi cation of the left ventricular subvalvular apparatus based on the macroscopic and endoscopic investigations. It emphasizes the morphology of the apical and basal parts of papillary muscles and includes the geometrical arrangement of the chordae tendineae. Thus it may be of a great value in endoscopic and conventional mitral valve replacement or reconstruction of the chordae tendineae and in mitral valve homograft implantation.

Keywords: Chordae Tendineae - anatomy & histology, Mitral Valve - anatomy & histology, Papillary Muscles - anatomy & histology, Chordae Tendineae - anatomy & histology, Classification, Heart, Mitral Valve - anatomy & histology, Papillary Muscles - anatomy & histology

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750