Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

01 April 2005 : Review article  

Diagnosis of Lyme borreliosis using enzyme immunoanalysis

Zuzana Cermakova, Olga Ryskova, Karel Honegr, Eva Cermakova, Irena Hanovcova

Med Sci Monit 2005; 11(4): BR121-125 :: ID: 15872


Background:Antiborrelia antibodies in Lyme borreliosis (LB) are mostly detected by enzyme immunoassay (EIA), confirmed by immunoblot (the “two-step system”). In indicated cases, direct evidence of Borrelia burgdorferi is obtained with the PCR method, electron microscopy and cultivation. The “one-step system” of testing for IgM and IgG antibodies in LB is economically preferably, but it requires an EIA kit with more than 90% sensitivity and specificity.Material/Methods:90 blood samples were collected, 54 from patients with clinically defined LB and 36 samples from individuals free of LB. IgM and IgG antibodies against Borrelia burgdorferi were detected in parallel with five different EIA kits from various producers. The results were verified clinically in all cases, in disputable cases with additional immunoblot (BAG-Med), and analyzed statistically.Results:Specificity and sensitivity were calculated from the measured values, and diagnostic efficiency was determined for each EIA kit. EIA kits for antiborrelia antibody assay with high specificity have low sensitivity and vice versa. In 9 samples from patients with clinical diagnoses (multiple sclerosis, Parkinson disease, epilepsy, rheumatoid arthritis) we found false positives in EIA and WB tests.Conclusions:The best results for a “one-step system” of examinations for antiborrelia antibodies were obtained with the Abbot and Euroimmun EIA kits in our set. A “two-step system” of serological examination could be composed from the basic IgM and IgG examination with a high sensitivity EIA kit (Viroimmun, Test-Line) followed with confirmation of positives by specific immunoblot.

Keywords: Borrelia burgdorferi - ultrastructure, Lyme Disease - enzymology, Borrelia burgdorferi - ultrastructure, Cross Reactions, Diagnosis, Differential, Immunoenzyme Techniques, Immunoglobulin M - blood, Lyme Disease - immunology, Reagent Kits, Diagnostic, Reproducibility of Results, Sensitivity and Specificity

Add Comment 0 Comments

470 4


01 June 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: Infectious Disease Surveillance Using Artificial Intelligence (AI) and its Role in Epidemic and Pandemic Preparedness

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.941209

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e941209


In Press

01 Jun 2023 : Clinical Research  

Root Canal Numbers and Configurations in 1080 Permanent Canine Teeth in 270 Saudi Subjects Using Cone-Beam ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940472  

01 Jun 2023 : Clinical Research  

Internal Orifice Alloy Closure: A New Procedure for Treatment of Perianal Fistulizing Crohn’s Disease

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940873  

01 Jun 2023 : Clinical Research  

Effectiveness of Needle Aspiration versus Surgical Excision for Symptomatic Synovial Cysts of the Hip: A Si...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940187  

01 Jun 2023 : Clinical Research  

Influence of Insulin Resistance on Diabetes Nephropathy

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939482  

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788


30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750