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01 April 2005 : Original article  

Neurological complications secondary to severe scorpion envenomation

Mabrouk Bahloul, Noureddine Rekik, Imen Chabchoub, Anis Chaari, Hichem Ksibi, Hatem Kallel, Hassan Damak, Adel Chaari, Chokri Ben Hamida, Hedi Chelly, Mounir Bouaziz

Med Sci Monit 2005; 11(4): CR196-202 :: ID: 15884

Abstract

Background:The aim was to study the incidence, clinical manifestations, and prognosis of neurological complications secondary to scorpion envenomation. Material/Methods: A retrospective study over a 13-year period including all patients admitted to our ICU for scorpion envenomation.Results:During the period of study, 951 patients were admitted due to scorpion envenomation. Mean age was 14.7±17.4 years, ranging from 0.5 to 90 years. Neuromuscular signs were observed in 739 patients (78%), coma (Glasgow Coma Score 12) in 15.4% of cases, and convulsions in 6%. The other neurological signs observed were: agitation in 709 patients (74.6%), squint in 119 patients (12.5%), bilateral miosis in 43 patients (5%), and a bilateral mydriasis in 16 patients (1.7%). Brain CT was performed in 10 patients, these being abnormal in 90% of cases. In our study the presence of coma (p

Keywords: Hypothermia - epidemiology, Nervous System Diseases - epidemiology, Scorpion Venoms - toxicity, Adolescent, Child, Fever - epidemiology, Hypothermia - epidemiology, Incidence, Medical Records, Nervous System Diseases - etiology, Respiration, Artificial, Scorpion Venoms - toxicity

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750