Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

22 December 2005

Lysophosphatidylcholine and secretory phospholipase A2 in vascular disease: mediators of endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis.

Panagiotis Kougias, Hong Chai, Peter H. Lin, Alan B. Lumsden, Qizhi Yao, Changyi Chen

Med Sci Monit 2006; 12(1): RA5-16 :: ID: 443209

Abstract

Lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) is the major component of oxidized low density lipoprotein (oxLDL) and it has the ability to initiate or amplify several steps in atherogenesis due to its ability to impair endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation, enhance endothelial proliferation and permeability, stimulate adhesion and activation of lymphocytes, initiate chemotaxis of macrophages, impair migration and proliferation in vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs), and modify platelet aggregation and coagulation pathways. For many of the LPC-induced effects, protein kinase C-dependent pathways have been implicated. In addition, modulation of ion current activity in the cell membrane, binding to a specific oxLDL receptor or to G-protein coupled receptors, as well as amplification of a highly oxidative state have all been postulated as likely mediating mechanisms. Secretory phopholipase A(2)-II (sPLA(2)-II) is one of the enzymes responsible for LPC production. sPLA(2)-II has been recently recognized as an independent risk factor for coronary artery disease. sPLA(2)-II favors the formation of bioactive lipids, stimulates SMC proliferation, activates macrophages enhancing lipid core formation and cytokine secretion, and binds to proteoglycans in the vessel wall matrix promoting lipid fusion and accumulation. The non-catalytic atherogenic effects of sPLA(2)-II are thought to be related to binding to an M-type receptor. Commonly used medications have been shown to decrease sPLA(2)-II activity generating a legitimate interest in the effects of the sPLA(2)-II pharmacologic antagonism. LPC and sPLA(2)-II are two very important mediators in atherosclerosis. Further research is warranted to clarify the cellular and molecular mechanisms that underlie their actions and to correlate in vitro data with clinical observations.

Keywords: Endothelium, Vascular - physiology, Blood Coagulation - physiology, Atherosclerosis - physiopathology, Group II Phospholipases A2, Lysophosphatidylcholines - metabolism, Muscle, Smooth, Vascular - metabolism, Phospholipases A - metabolism, Phospholipases A2, Signal Transduction - physiology, Vascular Diseases - physiopathology

0 Comments

Editorial

04 June 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Acute Hepatitis of Unknown Origin in Children. Is Autoimmunity at Play?

Nahum Mendez-Sanchez, Shreya C. Pal
Faculty of Medicine, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937371

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937371

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

30 June 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: World Health Organization (WHO) Variants of Concern Lineages Under Monitoring (VOC-LUM) in Respo...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937676  

27 June 2022 : Clinical Research  

Shoulder Injury Related to Vaccine Administration (SIRVA) in 16 Patients Following COVID-19 Vaccination Who...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937430  

In Press

30 Jun 2022 : Laboratory Research  

Bcl-2 19-kDa Interacting Protein 3 (BNIP3)-Mediated Mitophagy Attenuates Intermittent Hypoxia-Induced Human...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936760  

30 Jun 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: World Health Organization (WHO) Variants of Concern Lineages Under Monitoring (VOC-LUM) in Respo...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937676  

30 Jun 2022 : Clinical Research  

Antioxidant System and Ions Concentrations After Femoral Neck and Resurfacing Hip Arthroplasty

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936335  

28 Jun 2022 : Meta-Analysis  

Urodynamics in Early Diagnosis of Diabetic Bladder Dysfunction in Women: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937166  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750