Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

01 August 2006

N-acetylcysteine ameliorates methotrexate-induced oxidative liver damage in rats

Ali Cetinkaya, Ertan Bulbuloglu, Ergul Belge Kurutas, Bulent Kantarceken

Med Sci Monit 2006; 12(8): BR274-278 :: ID: 452849

Abstract

Background:Methotrexate (MTX), a folic acid antagonist, is widely used as a cytotoxic chemotherapeutic agent for malignancies as well as in the treatment of various inflammatory diseases. The efficacy of this agent is often limited by severe side effects and toxic conditions. The present study was undertaken to determine whether N-acetylcysteine (NAC), as a potent antioxidant compound, could ameliorate MTX-induced oxidative liver damage.

Material/Methods: A single dose of MTX (20 mg/kg, intraperitoneal) to rats was followed by intraperitoneal saline or NAC administration (150 mg/kg, MTX + NAC group) for the next 5 days. On the fifth day the rats were sacrificed and liver tissue samples were obtained and stored to measure reduced glutathione (GSH) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels and myeloperoxidase (MPO), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase (CAT) activity.

Results: MTX caused decreased GSH level and SOD and CAT activity and increased MDA level and MPO activity in the liver homogenates. These changes were significantly reversed by NAC treatment.

Conclusions:These results confirm that administration of NAC decreases MTX-induced oxidative damage to the liver. These data indicate that NAC may be of therapeutic use in preventing hepatotoxicity in patients receiving MTX treatment.

Keywords: Acetylcysteine - pharmacology, drug-induced liver injury, Glutathione - metabolism, Liver - metabolism, Methotrexate - toxicity, Oxidants - metabolism, Rats, Wistar

Add Comment 0 Comments

Editorial

01 April 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Forty Years of Waiting for Prevention and Cure of HIV Infection – Ongoing Challenges and Hopes for Vaccine Development and Overcoming Antiretroviral Drug Resistance

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944600

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e944600

0:00

In Press

10 Apr 2024 : Clinical Research  

Predicting Acute Cardiovascular Complications in COVID-19: Insights from a Specialized Cardiac Referral Dep...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942612  

06 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Enhanced Surgical Outcomes of Popliteal Cyst Excision: A Retrospective Study Comparing Arthroscopic Debride...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.941102  

06 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variation of Medical Comorbidities in Oral Surgery Patients: A Retrospective Study at Jazan ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943884  

08 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Evaluation of Foot Structure in Preschool Children Based on Body Mass

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943765  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article  

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research  

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750