Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

25 February 2003

Health status and socioeconomic factors as determinants of physical activity level in the elderly.

Susana K. Papadopoulou, Sophia D. Papadopoulou, Antigoni Zerva, George Paraskevas, Anastasios Dalkiranis, Ioannis Ioannou, Anna Fahantidou

Med Sci Monit 2003; 9(2): CR79-83 :: ID: 4757


BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to assess the health status and Physical Activity Level (PAL) of the elderly population and determine the role of health status and socioeconomic factors in PAL. MATERIAL/METHODS: A total of 84 subjects (65 men and 19 women) participated in this study. These individuals were living independently, and attending rehabilitation centers for the elderly in Thessaloniki, Greece. The mean age of the subjects was 74.4 years (SD 7.9). Data was collected with a special questionnaire regarding health status and PAL, during individual interviews. RESULTS: The mean PAL value was 1.519, SD 0.115. Significant positive correlation was found between PAL and educational level (r=0.286, p<0.05). Regarding the relation of illnesses to PAL, one-way ANOVA indicated that individuals under treatment for heart arrhythmia and myocardial infarction, as well as those who had undergone a by-pass operation, had higher PAL values (1.659+/-0.0649, 1.551+/-0.093 and 1.613+/-0.0978, respectively) compared to those not suffering from any of these disorders (1.512+/-0.112, 1.515+/-0.118 and 1.508+/-0.112 respectively, p<0.05 for each comparison). Cancer affected PAL negatively. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, the elderly spent most of their time carrying out low-intensity activities and did not participate in leisure activities of high or moderate intensity. Educational level was the only socio-economic factor that was correlated to PAL. The positive effect of certain disorders on PAL might be attributed to patients' compliance with physicians' instructions. Further research is necessary.

Keywords: Activities of Daily Living, Aged, 80 and over, Data Interpretation, Statistical, Exercise, Greece, Health Status, Motor Activity, Questionnaires, Socioeconomic Factors

Add Comment 0 Comments

652 39


01 May 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: Twenty Years On from Sequencing the Human Genome, Personalized/Precision Oncology Prepares to Meet the Challenges of Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940911

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940911


In Press

31 May 2023 : Review article  

Prevalence, Diagnosis, and Management of Eclampsia and the Need for Improved Maternal Care: A Review

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939919  

30 May 2023 : Clinical Research  

A Case-Control Study of Cognitive Function in Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease Before and After Hemodi...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940409  

30 May 2023 : Review article  

A Review of the Role of the Zebrafish (Danio reiro) in Preclinical and Clinical Models of Biomarker Identif...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940550  

30 May 2023 : Database Analysis  

The COVID-19 Crisis and the Incidence of Alcohol-Related Deaths in Poland

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940904  

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788


30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750