Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

21 October 2002

Down-regulation of nuclear receptor DNA-binding activity by nitric oxide--HNF4 as a model system.

Christine Vossen, Monique Erard

Med Sci Monit 2002; 8(10): RA217-220 :: ID: 4859

Abstract

The numerous physiological roles of nitric oxide (NO) are currently the focus of intensive research. A major pathway by which NO mediates its biological effects is via S-nitrosylation of cysteine residues, and a growing body of evidence suggests that transcription factors are critical targets for such S-nitrosylation. Here we review the ability of NO to down-regulate the activity of transcription factors, and in particular nuclear receptors. Among the latter, the hepatocyte nuclear factor HNF4 stands out as a key regulator of cytochrome P450 (CYP) gene expression. We report on a series of experiments which show that inflammation-induced NO production decreases CYP mRNA transcription, and that NO suppresses the DNA-binding ability of HNF4. Together these data suggest that cysteine-nitrosylation of the HNF4 DNA-binding domain is the primary molecular mechanism responsible for the drop in oxydase activities of hepatic cytochrome P450 enzymes, and the consequent impairment in drug metabolism during inflammation. In order to discuss this hypothesis from a structural perspective, we have built a homology-derived model of the HNF4 DNA-binding domain and computer-simulated the S-nitrosylation of its cysteine residues. Finally, bearing in mind the structural conservation of the nuclear receptor DNA-binding domain, we discuss to what extent results from HNF4 can be extended to other nuclear receptors.

Keywords: Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Leucine Zipper Transcription Factors, Down-Regulation - physiology, Phosphoproteins - chemistry

Add Comment 0 Comments

Editorial

01 June 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Concerns as Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) Virus of the H5N1 Subtype is Identified in Dairy Cows and Other Mammals

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.945315

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e945315

0:00

In Press

Review article  

Applications of Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) Neuroimaging During Rehabilitation Following ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943785  

0:00

Clinical Research  

Epidemiology and Risk Factors for Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty in Chinese Patients: A Retrospective Stu...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943681  

Clinical Research  

Effects of the Cold Pressor Test on Popliteal Vein Diameter, Flow Velocity, and Blood Flow in the Lower Lim...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944560  

Clinical Research  

Outcomes of Anterior Lateral Approach and Gerdy's Tubercle Osteotomy for Tibial Plateau Fractures Involving...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943946  

Most Viewed Current Articles

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research   1,477,232

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

17 Jan 2024 : Review article   1,433,627

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research   690,157

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial   50,150

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750