Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

Chromosome alterations reflect clonal evolution in squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx

Maciej Kujawski, Małgorzata Rydzanicz, Maarit Sarlomo-Rikala, Andrzej Gabriel, Krzysztof Szyfter

Med Sci Monit 2002; 8(7): BR279-282 :: ID: 510669


Background: The mechanism of multistage carcinogenesis initiated by environmental carcinogens produces clonal evolution of initiated cells to the stage of metastasis. However, the simultaneous co-existence of various cell clones is not excluded. The analysis of chromosome alterations appears to be the best method to assess the clonal composition of a tumor.
Material/Methods: Laryngeal tumor specimens and their corresponding metastases to the adjacent lymph nodes (20 pairs) were analysed by comparative genome hybridization (CGH).
Results: The profile of gains and losses of DNA copy number was found to be fairly similar in the primary tumor location and in its metastasis. In this study the most frequent losses were found on 3p, 5q, 9p, 13p, and 13q, while gains occurred in 1q, 3q, 5p and 11q. The gains and losses were found more frequently in metastasis than in primary tumor, except for the loss of 3p and the gain of 5p. The biological function of the latter chromosome alterations seems to be limited to tumor growth, rather than metastasis formation.
Conclusions: A comparison of the profiles of chromosome alterations in primary tumor locations and metastases indicate that the progression of laryngeal cancer is connected with the clonal evolution of tumor cells.

Keywords: clonal evolution, metastases, molecular cytogenetics, laryngeal cancer

Add Comment 0 Comments


01 June 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Concerns as Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) Virus of the H5N1 Subtype is Identified in Dairy Cows and Other Mammals

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.945315

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e945315


In Press

Clinical Research  

Hemorrhagic Cysts in the Pancreas: Risk Factors, Treatment, and Outcomes – Insights from a Single-Center Study

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.941955  


Clinical Research  

Perioperative Administration of Tranexamic Acid and Low Molecular Weight Heparin for Enhanced Blood Managem...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944063  


Database Analysis  

Comprehensive Analysis of Sphingolipid Metabolism-Related Genes in Osteoarthritic Diagnosis and Synovial Im...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943369  


Review article  

Applications of Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) Neuroimaging During Rehabilitation Following ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943785  


Most Viewed Current Articles

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research   1,441,389

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990


17 Jan 2024 : Review article   1,376,349

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799


16 May 2023 : Clinical Research   690,122

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387


01 Jan 2022 : Editorial   50,127

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952


Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750