Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

29 January 2009

Peginterferon alfa-2b as monotherapy or in combination with lamivudine in patients with HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B: a randomised study

Vasileios P. PapadopoulosABCDEF, Dimitrios N. ChrysagisB, Andreas N. ProtopapasB, Ioannis G. GoulisB, Georgios T. DimitriadisB, Konstantinos P. MimidisABDEF

Med Sci Monit 2009; 15(2): CR56-61 :: ID: 869554

Abstract

Background
The efficacy of pegylated interferon alfa-2b alone or in combination with lamivudine for the treatment of patients with hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) negative (-) chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is understudied.
Material and Method
One hundred twenty-six patients with HBeAg(-)chronic hepatitis B received pegylated interferon alfa-2b > or =1.5 micro g/kg/wk for 48 weeks. Ninety of those subjects were randomly selected to receive concomitant treatment with lamivudine 100 mg/d. The coprimary end points were the subjects' virologic (hepatitis B virus deoxyribonucleic acid [HBV DNA] <60 IU/mL) and biochemical (normalization of alanine aminotransferase levels) responses 24 weeks after treatment cessation.
Results
The scores for necroinflammatory activity and fibrosis in patients randomly assigned to receive monotherapy were statistically significantly lower than those in patients receiving combination therapy. HBV DNA levels were statistically significantly higher and alanine aminotransferase levels were statistically significantly lower in patients receiving monotherapy than in those receiving combination therapy. Virologic responses in the monotherapy and combination therapy groups were similar at weeks 48 and 72 (59.1 vs 42.9%). The biochemical response at week 72 was also similar in the treatment groups. The results of multiple regression analysis showed that the virologic response at week 72 was independently correlated with the pegylated interferon alfa-2b dose and that the biochemical response was independently correlated with necroinflammatory activity, the pegylated interferon alfa-2b dose, and lamivudine therapy.
Conclusions
These data support the use of pegylated interferon alfa-2b in patients with HBeAg(-) chronic hepatitis B; however, the concomitant use of lamivudine produced no additional clinical benefit.

Keywords: Polyethylene Glycols, Lamivudine - therapeutic use, Interferon-alpha - therapeutic use, Hepatitis B, Chronic - virology, Hepatitis B virus - genetics, Hepatitis B e Antigens - immunology, Drug Therapy, Combination, DNA, Viral - genetics, Antiviral Agents - therapeutic use, Alanine Transaminase - metabolism, Regression Analysis, Recombinant Proteins

Add Comment 0 Comments

Editorial

01 June 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Concerns as Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) Virus of the H5N1 Subtype is Identified in Dairy Cows and Other Mammals

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.945315

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e945315

0:00

In Press

Clinical Research  

Functional Outcomes of Therapeutic Selective Nerve Root Block for Single-Segment Lumbar Spinal Stenosis: A ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943634  

Clinical Research  

Shortening Oral Simethicone-to-Colonoscopy Interval Increases Bowel Preparation Quality

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943972  

Clinical Research  

Comparative Evaluation of Digital Cephalometric Tracing Applications on Mobile Devices and Manual Tracing

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944628  

Clinical Research  

Impact of COVID-19-Induced Academic Stress on Insomnia and Suicidal Ideation among Taiwanese Health Trainee...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944932  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article   1,801,647

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research   1,532,330

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research   690,353

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial   50,289

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750