Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

23 April 2009

Endogenous steroid sex hormones and atherosclerosis of retinal arteries in men

Eugenia Tedeschi-ReinerABCDEF, Renata IvekovicBDF, Katia Novak-LausBDF, Zeljko ReinerABCDEFG

Med Sci Monit 2009; 15(5): CR211-216 :: ID: 869641


Increasing evidence suggests that both male and female sex hormones may be associated with the development of atherosclerosis, but almost all such data are based on studies of patients with coronary artery disease. To our knowledge, there are no data on the effects of endogenous sex hormones on atherosclerosis of the retinal arteries in men, and the purpose of this study was to explore that association.
Material and Method
In 101 consecutive adult male patients treated in a university hospital outpatient clinic, atherosclerotic changes of the retinal vessels were identified prospectively by direct ophthalmoscopy and were graded on a scale of 1 to 4 according to Scheie. Commercial radioimmunoassay kits were used to measure serum levels of testosterone, estradiol, progesterone, androstenedione, and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate. The chi-square test was used to compare the results with those from 47 matched male subjects with healthy retinal vessels.
Retinal vessel atherosclerosis was inversely correlated with the serum progesterone concentration (P<0.001). The lower the progesterone concentration, the more advanced the stage of retinal vessel disease. A similar but less statistically significant correlation was noticed for dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (P<0.05). A weak (P<0.05) similar association between the degree of retinal artery atherosclerosis and estradiol levels was also found.
Low endogenous progesterone levels and, to a degree, low dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate and estradiol levels might be associated with atherosclerosis of the retinal arteries in men.

Keywords: Gonadal Steroid Hormones - physiology, Atherosclerosis - physiopathology, Retinal Artery - physiopathology

Add Comment 0 Comments

800 6


01 December 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: Outbreaks of Post-Pandemic Childhood Pneumonia and the Re-Emergence of Endemic Respiratory Infections

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943312

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e943312


In Press

04 Dec 2023 : Animal Research  

Effects of Intrathecal Ketamine on Cerebrospinal Fluid Levels of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor and Mech...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI:  

01 Dec 2023 : Clinical Research  

Risk Factors and Clinical Outcomes of COVID-19 Infection in Multiple Sclerosis Patients: A Retrospective St...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI:  

30 Nov 2023 : Review article  

Decoding the Neurological Sequelae of General Anesthesia: A Review

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI:  

30 Nov 2023 : Clinical Research  

Enhanced Pain Relief and Muscle Growth in Individuals with Low Back Instability: The Impact of Blood Flow R...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI:  

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788


30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379


14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990


08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292


Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750