Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

19 October 2009

The effect of memantine and levodopa/carbidopa on the responses of phrenic nerve-diaphragm preparations from aged rats

Soha Ali El-MoursyABCDEF, Heba M. ShawkyBEF, Zainab Abdel WahabBEG, Laila RashedBDEG

Med Sci Monit 2009; 15(11): BR339-348 :: ID: 878236


Alzheimer's dementia (AD) and Parkinsonism are common in geriatric patients. Skeletal muscles are important for proper function of aging animals and humans. This study focuses on the influence of memantine (used in moderate to severe AD) and levodopa/carbidopa (LD/CD) (a cornerstone of Parkinson's disease treatment) on responses of isolated phrenic nerve-diaphragms (IPNDs) of aged male rats.
Material and Method
Of 100 aged male albino rats, 20 were untreated to study the in vitro effects of memantine and LD/CD on IPNDs and 80 were divided into groups 1 (control), 2 (oral memantine, 1.5 mg/kg/d), 3 (twice daily intraperitoneal LD/CD, 25/2.5 mg/kg), and 4 (both drugs). After three weeks-treatment the animals were sacrificed. Ten rats from each group were used to harvest IPNDs to study the effect of gallamine and 10 rats to measure nAchR (nicotinic acetylcholine receptor) alpha subunit mRNA by PCR.
The heights of indirectly elicited contractions were 63.1+/-4.6, 41.5+/-4.5, 70.6+/-4.7, and 53.9+/-3.3 mm for groups 1-4, respectively, and all differences were statistically significant (p<0.05). Memantine caused a leftward shift of the gallamine concentration-response curve and LD/CD a rightward shift. Reversal of neuromuscular block required larger neostigmine concentrations in the memantine group and smaller concentrations in the LD/CD group. In vitro, memantine inhibited diaphragmatic responses to indirect stimulation. Values of nAchR alpha subunit mRNA (microg/dl) were 0.7+/-0.16 (control), 0.13+/-0.11 (memantine), 2.3+/-0.94 (LD/CD), and 1.18+/-0.71 (both drugs) (p<0.05).
Memantine inhibits neuromuscular transmission in vitro and with in vivo treatment. LD/CD treatment enhances neuromuscular transmission. Clinical implications need further investigation.

Keywords: Protein Subunits - metabolism, Neuromuscular Blockade, Phrenic Nerve - physiology, Neostigmine - pharmacology, Muscle Contraction - drug effects, Memantine - pharmacology, Levodopa - pharmacology, Gene Expression Regulation - drug effects, Gallamine Triethiodide - pharmacology, Electric Stimulation, Diaphragm - physiology, Carbidopa - pharmacology, Aging - physiology, RNA, Messenger - metabolism, Receptors, Nicotinic - metabolism



01 November 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Recent Approval of Sotorasib as the First Targeted Therapy for KRAS G12C-Mutated Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938746

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938746


24 November 2022 : Clinical Research  

A Prospective Questionnaire-Based Study to Evaluate Factors Affecting the Decision to Receive COVID-19 Vacc...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938665  

01 November 2022 : Clinical Research  

Questionnaire-Based Study of 81 Patients in Poland to Evaluate the Course of Inflammatory Bowel Disease and...

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938243

03 October 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Vitamin D Concentration on Course of COVID-19

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937741

In Press

25 Nov 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937990  

24 Nov 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Positive End-Expiratory Pressure (PEEP) Titration in Elderly Patients Undergoing Lobectomy

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938225  

24 Nov 2022 : Clinical Research  

A Prospective Questionnaire-Based Study to Evaluate Factors Affecting the Decision to Receive COVID-19 Vacc...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938665  

22 Nov 2022 : Clinical Research  

Preoperative Biologics Exposure Predisposes Ulcerative Colitis Patients to a Distinct Delayed Postoperative...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938412  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750