Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

19 October 2009

Elevated markers of thrombin generation and fibrinolysis in patients with active and quiescent ulcerative colitis

Petros ZezosABCDEF, Georgia PapaioannouABDEF, Nikolaos NikolaidisADEF, Kalliopi PatsiaouraBDF, Themistoclis VassiliadisDEF, Alexandros MpoumponarisDEF, Olga GioulemeDEF, Nikolaos EvgenidisADEFG

Med Sci Monit 2009; 15(11): CR563-572 :: ID: 878240


Prothrombotic abnormalities within the coagulation system, the presence of microvascular thrombi in intestinal mucosa, and the increased risk of thromboembolic complications in patients with Inflammatory bowel disease, suggest that a hypercoagulable state may be an important contributing factor in disease pathogenesis. The activation of the coagulation system in a cohort of ulcerative colitis patients was investigated.
Material and Method
Markers of coagulation activation in blood (thrombin-antithrombin complex, TAT; prothrombin fragments 1 and 2, F1+2; and D-dimers) and markers of inflammation (erythrocyte sedimentation rate, ESR; C-reactive protein, CRP; and fibrinogen) were measured in 38 patients with active and 13 patients with long-standing quiescent ulcerative colitis. Disease activity was assessed by clinical, endoscopic, and histological criteria. The markers of coagulation activation were also measured in 28 healthy volunteers.
There were no differences in TAT, F1+2, and D-dimer plasma levels between active and inactive ulcerative colitis. D-dimer and F1+2 levels were significantly higher in the active ulcerative colitis patients than in the healthy controls. Plasma levels of TAT, F1+2, and D-dimers did not differ between inactive ulcerative colitis patients and healthy controls. However, both active and inactive ulcerative colitis patients had significantly higher proportions of elevated (above-normal) values of coagulation markers than the healthy controls. Correlation analyses revealed strong correlation between ESR, fibrinogen, and D-dimers, which also correlated with the severity and extent of ulcerative colitis.
A chronic low-grade activation of coagulation exists in ulcerative colitis, regardless of disease activity, and it might be implicated in disease pathogenesis.

Keywords: Severity of Illness Index, Inflammation - complications, Fibrinolysis - physiology, Demography, Colitis, Ulcerative - physiopathology, Case-Control Studies, Biological Markers - blood, Adolescent, Steroids - therapeutic use, Thrombin - biosynthesis, young adult

Add Comment 0 Comments


01 June 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Concerns as Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) Virus of the H5N1 Subtype is Identified in Dairy Cows and Other Mammals

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.945315

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e945315


In Press

Clinical Research  

Hemorrhagic Cysts in the Pancreas: Risk Factors, Treatment, and Outcomes – Insights from a Single-Center Study

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.941955  


Clinical Research  

Perioperative Administration of Tranexamic Acid and Low Molecular Weight Heparin for Enhanced Blood Managem...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944063  


Database Analysis  

Comprehensive Analysis of Sphingolipid Metabolism-Related Genes in Osteoarthritic Diagnosis and Synovial Im...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943369  


Review article  

Applications of Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) Neuroimaging During Rehabilitation Following ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943785  


Most Viewed Current Articles

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research   1,441,389

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990


17 Jan 2024 : Review article   1,376,349

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799


16 May 2023 : Clinical Research   690,122

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387


01 Jan 2022 : Editorial   50,127

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952


Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750