Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

28 April 2010

Vitamin E succinate (VES) inhibits cell growth and induces apoptosis by mitochondrial-derived ROS in SGC-7901 cells

Li JiaABCDEF, Xiao-Li HuangBD, Yan ZhaoG, Xu-Guang ZhangDG, Kun WuADFG

Med Sci Monit 2010; 16(5): BR131-139 :: ID: 878535

Abstract

Background
Many reports investigated the effects of vitamin E succinate (VES) on cell growth inhibition and apoptosis in SGC-7901 cells, but the mechanisms are still unclear. This study assessed the effects of VES-induced oxidative stress on apoptosis in SGC-7901 cells and further explored its mechanism.
Material and Method
Cell growth and survival were detected by the MTT assay. Apoptosis was examined by DAPI fluorescence and an Annexin V-FITC apoptosis detection kit. The fluorescent probe CMXRos was used to analyze mitochondrial transmembrane potential by confocal microscopy. Accumulation of intracellular ROS was detected with DCFH-DA. DNA damage was evaluated by the comet assay in SGC-7901 cells. The total GSH concentration was detected by a total glutathione quantification kit. The expression level of Bcl-2 in response to VES treatment was determined by Western blot analysis.
Results
The results showed that VES induced growth inhibition and apoptosis in SGC-7901 cells as assessed by the MTT assay and apoptosis detection method. VES also induced a concentration-dependent generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and a concentration-dependent depletion of glutathione (GSH) in the cells. Mannitol, an inhibitor of mitochondrial oxidative damage, prevented ROS generation, GSH depletion, and apoptosis in response to VES in SGC-7901 cells.
Conclusions
VES abrogated the generation of intracellular ROS and the induction of apoptosis. The results indicate that VES induced apoptosis in SGC-7901 cells and this involved mitochondria, likely through mitochondrial- derived ROS.

Keywords: Reactive Oxygen Species - metabolism, Mitochondria - metabolism, Membrane Potentials, Microscopy, Confocal, Glutathione - metabolism, Cell Line, Cell Division - drug effects, Antioxidants - pharmacology, Vitamin E - pharmacology

0 Comments

Editorial

04 June 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Acute Hepatitis of Unknown Origin in Children. Is Autoimmunity at Play?

Nahum Mendez-Sanchez, Shreya C. Pal
Faculty of Medicine, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937371

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937371

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

30 June 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: World Health Organization (WHO) Variants of Concern Lineages Under Monitoring (VOC-LUM) in Respo...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937676  

27 June 2022 : Clinical Research  

Shoulder Injury Related to Vaccine Administration (SIRVA) in 16 Patients Following COVID-19 Vaccination Who...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937430  

In Press

30 Jun 2022 : Laboratory Research  

Bcl-2 19-kDa Interacting Protein 3 (BNIP3)-Mediated Mitophagy Attenuates Intermittent Hypoxia-Induced Human...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936760  

30 Jun 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: World Health Organization (WHO) Variants of Concern Lineages Under Monitoring (VOC-LUM) in Respo...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937676  

30 Jun 2022 : Clinical Research  

Antioxidant System and Ions Concentrations After Femoral Neck and Resurfacing Hip Arthroplasty

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936335  

28 Jun 2022 : Meta-Analysis  

Urodynamics in Early Diagnosis of Diabetic Bladder Dysfunction in Women: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937166  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750