Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

01 June 2010

The endothelin axis influences enteric glia cell functions

Georg B.T. von BoyenABCDEFG, Nadine DegenkolbBDF, Christoph HartmannCF, Guido AdlerDG, Martin SteinkampABDEFG

Med Sci Monit 2010; 16(6): BR161-167 :: ID: 880603


Background: The biologic effects of endothelin-1 (ET-1) are not limited to its vasoconstricting activity. A new and highly interesting role of the endothelin axis is its involvement in immune functions. As ET-1 is highly increased during gut inflammation, the aim of this study was to see if the endothelin axis influences enteric glia cell (EGC) functions, and through them, the immune response, during gut inflammation.
Material/Methods: Cultured EGCs were treated with interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha), IL-4, interferon-gamma, and ET-1. Secretion of ET-1 was detected by ELISA. Cultured EGCs were labeled with anti-glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), endothelin-A (ETA), and endothelin-B (ETB), antibodies. The expression of ETA and ETB receptors was evaluated using reverse transcription PCR. Glial fibrillary acidic protein expression was determined by Western blot.
Results: ET-1 secretion of EGCs could be stimulated by IL-1beta and TNFalpha in a time and dose-dependent manner, whereas IL-4 and interferon-gamma showed no effect on ET-1 production. Cultured EGCs expressed ETA and ETB-receptors. Endothelin B mRNA expression was increased after incubation with IL-1beta. Incubation of cells with IL-1beta, TNFalpha, and ET-1 led to a significant increase of GFAP in EGCs.
Conclusions: Enteric glia cells express functional ETA and ETB receptors and produce huge amounts of ET-1 during gut inflammation, which increase GFAP expression in EGCs. These ET-1/ET receptors autocrine or paracrine loops might provide a new means to modulate EGC function, such as change in gut motility, cytokine production, and regulating gut homeostasis.

Keywords: Neuroglia - cytology, Models, Biological, Interleukin-1beta - metabolism, Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein - metabolism, Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay - methods, Endothelins - metabolism, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Blotting, Western, Animals, Newborn, Rats, Wistar, Stomach - cytology, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha - metabolism, Vasoconstriction

Add Comment 0 Comments


01 June 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Concerns as Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) Virus of the H5N1 Subtype is Identified in Dairy Cows and Other Mammals

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.945315

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e945315


In Press

Clinical Research  

Impact of COVID-19-Induced Academic Stress on Insomnia and Suicidal Ideation among Taiwanese Health Trainee...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944932  

Review article  

Impact of Workplace Bullying on Nursing Care Quality: A Comprehensive Review

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944815  

Clinical Research  

Anterior Plate-Supported Cannulated Screw Surgery for Ankle Arthrodesis: Clinical and Radiologic Results in...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944452  

Clinical Research  

Elevated Plasma Levels of Growth Arrest Specific 6 (Gas6) Protein in Severe Obesity: Implications for Adipo...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944462  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article   1,964,783

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799


14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research   1,542,370

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990


16 May 2023 : Clinical Research   690,428

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387


01 Jan 2022 : Editorial   50,342

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952


Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750