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01 October 2010

Artificial neural networks in gynaecological diseases: Current and potential future applications

Charalampos S Siristatidis, Charalampos Chrelias, Abraham Pouliakis, Evangelos Katsimanis, Dimitrios Kassanos

Med Sci Monit 2010; 16(10): RA231-236 :: ID: 881189


Current (and probably future) practice of medicine is mostly associated with prediction and accurate diagnosis. Especially in clinical practice, there is an increasing interest in constructing and using valid models of diagnosis and prediction.
Artificial neural networks (ANNs) are mathematical systems being used as a prospective tool for reliable, flexible and quick assessment. They demonstrate high power in evaluating multifactorial data, assimilating information from multiple sources and detecting subtle and complex patterns. Their capability and difference from other statistical techniques lies in performing nonlinear statistical modelling. They represent a new alternative to logistic regression, which is the most commonly used method for developing predictive models for outcomes resulting from partitioning in medicine. In combination with the other non-algorithmic artificial intelligence techniques, they provide useful software engineering tools for the development of systems in quantitative medicine.
Our paper first presents a brief introduction to ANNs, then, using what we consider the best available evidence through paradigms, we evaluate the ability of these networks to serve as first-line detection and prediction techniques in some of the most crucial fields in gynaecology. Finally, through the analysis of their current application, we explore their dynamics for future use.

Keywords: Logistic Models, Neural Networks (Computer), Genital Diseases, Female - pathology, Forecasting, Artificial Intelligence, Algorithms, Software

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750