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16 August 2022 : Clinical Research  

Hemoglobin/Red Blood Cell Distribution Width Ratio in Peripheral Blood Is Positively Associated with Prognosis of Patients with Primary Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Yue Fang1ABCDEF, Xiaonan Sun1BC, Lu Zhang1DE, Yidan Xu1B, Wen Zhu2AEFG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937146

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937146

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of the hemoglobin/red blood cell distribution width ratio in primary hepatocellular carcinoma remains unknown. This study aimed to analyze the correlation between hemoglobin/red blood cell distribution width ratio and hepatocellular carcinoma prognosis.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Medical records of hepatocellular carcinoma patients were analyzed retrospectively. The hemoglobin/red blood cell distribution width ratio cut-off value was determined as 0.987 by receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. Patients were divided into high- and low-level groups, and the clinical data were compared. The correlation among the ratio levels, progression-free survival, and overall survival was measured with univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses. The prognostic utility of the ratio combined with alpha-fetoprotein was analyzed using Kaplan-Meier survival curves and log-rank detection, and the correlation between the ratio and tumor staging was studied using one-way analysis of variance.

RESULTS: This study included 252 patients. Sex, smoking and alcohol consumption history, body mass index, surgery, staging, platelet/lymphocyte ratio, and hemoglobin/red blood cell distribution width ratio were associated with progression-free and overall survival (P<0.05). The ratio, alpha-fetoprotein, hemoglobin, staging, and surgery were independent risk factors for progression-free survival (P<0.05), and the ratio, alpha-fetoprotein, hemoglobin, body mass index, HBsAg, staging, and surgery were independent risk factors for overall survival (P<0.05). Patients with low ratio levels and high alpha-fetoprotein levels had the worst prognosis.

CONCLUSIONS: Low hemoglobin/red blood cell distribution width ratio levels are associated with poor patient prognosis and are potential tumor prognosis markers.

Keywords: Hemoglobin (64-76), Liver Neoplasms, Prognosis

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Editorial

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Nahum Méndez-Sánchez, Ming-Hua Zheng, Takumi Kawaguchi, Shiv K. Sarin
Liver Research Unit, Medica Sur Clinic & Foundation and Faculty of Medicine, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938080

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938080

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750